Full name: Abdul Hamid Khan Bhashani
Birthdate: December 10, 1880
Birthplace: Sirajganj, British India (Bangladesh)
Died: November 17, 1976
Death Place: Dhaka, Bangladesh
Resting: Santosh, Tangail, Bangladesh
Education: Deoband Madrasah
Spouse (s): Alema Khatun
Zodiac sign: Sagittarius
Abdul Hamid Khan Bhashani was a renowned politician and Islamic scholar in British India (now Bangladesh). He is best known around the subcontinent for his selflessness character and solidarity with the oppressed people. Bhashani was the founder and president of the Pakistan Awami Muslim League which later turned into Bangladesh Awami League. He is also founder the National Awami Party (NAP). Some of his fellows are called him as ‘The Red Maulana’ due to the involvement of communist and left politics.
Hamid Khan Bhashani Early Life:
Abdul Hamid Khan Bhashani was born on December 10, 1880, in Sirajganj, British India (Bangladesh) to Haji Sharafat Ali Khan and Mst. Mojiron Bibi. He studied at the Deoband Madrasah between 1907 and 1909. He was the youngest child of five siblings born to his parents. At early childhood, his father died and a few days later mother along with two brothers also died. Following the lost his nearest relatives, he passed a few days under his uncle.
Abdul Hamid Khan Bhashani began his career journey as a primary school teacher at Kagmaree, Tangail. In 1917, he joined the Nationalist party as an activist led by Desbandhu Chittaranjan Das. Two years later, he joined Indian National Congress in 1919. Following the year, he was arrested and imprisoned. Hamid Khan participated in Das’s Non-cooperation movement against British Imperialism eventually suffered imprisonment with numbers of followers. In 1930, he joined Muslim League and elected MLA in Assam Legislative Assembly from Dhubri. He was elected president of Muslim League in 1944.
After separation of India and Pakistan he established Pakistan Muslim League on June 23, 1949, he was the founder president and Shamsul Huq was the first general secretary of the party. Hamid Khan formed the ‘All Party Language Movement Committee’ demanding of Bangla will be a national language in Pakistan. Removing ‘Muslim’ he renamed the Awami Muslim League as the Awami League in 1953. Following the year, he went to Stockholm and barred returning to East Pakistan by Iskander Mirza branded as a communist. In 1957, at the Kagmaree Conference of Awami League, he clued the separation of Pakistan stated ‘Walakumusalam’.
He protested against government ban against Rabindranath Tagore and to withdraw the Agartala Conspiracy Case and for the release of Sheikh Mujib.
During the liberation war, he requested to China to help in the liberation war of Bangladesh but the county didn’t give an answer. He also requested Russia to take a step against the killing of civilians in Bangladesh by Pakistanis. He was an advisor of the Mujibnagar Government.
Abdul Hamid Khan Bhashani married Alema Khatun, a daughter of Jamidar Shamsuddin Ahmed Chowdhury, in Joypurhat. He also married more two times due to political purpose. Hamid Khan died on November 17, 1976, in Dhaka aged 96 and resting at Santosh, Tangail.
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