Full name: Hazrat Umar Farooq (RA)
Birth Date: 577 CE
Birth Place: Mecca, Saudi Arabia
Predecessor: Abu Bakr
Spouse (s): Zaynab bint Maz’un
Hazrat Umar Farooq was a prominent and influential Shaba of Prophet Hazrat Muhammad. Umar served as 2nd caliph of Islam during his reign Islam gained prosperity, won numerous wars, existed peaceful situation throughout his empire. Firstly he was Non-Muslim while he had embraced the Islam, then the title ‘Al Farooq’ given to him which deals distinguish between truth and wrong.
Hazrat Umar Farooq Early Life:
Hazrat Umar Farooq was born in Mecca, Saudi Arabia in 577 CE to the father, Khattab ibn Nufayl and mother Hantama bint Hisham. Umar was a well-educated person which was rare fact that of time in Arabia, educated persons get much honor. He learned the martial art, in his teenage years. Umar was courageous, healthy powerful man and known a renowned wrestler. He had drinking wine before embracing Islam, but after embracing Islam never touch wine according to the description of many.
In 610, Mohammad began to express the message of Islam but Umar opposed Mohammad’s activist, threatened to kill Mohammad. One day, he went out from home with a sword in hand attempted to kill Mohammad but in the way came to know that already, his sister and her husband embraced Islam thereby he became more furious, reaching sister’s house listening to the sweet tune of Quran. Being impressed of Quran, he took the religion of Islam.
Umar became caliph in 643 and retained power until September 6, 644 when was assassinated in Medina by a Persian slave. On his deathbed, Umar named a committee of six members to choose his successor. The committee chose the Osman, the third caliph, who ruled from 644 to 665.
Umar’s governance regime was the golden era of the world, during this period there was no conflict and dispute. Indian non-violent protests’ leader Mahatma Gandhi said if India gets a leader like Umar then all the problems of India will be solved.