Full name: Fakir Lalon Shah
Nick name: Lalon
Birth date: 1774
Birthplace: Horishpur, Jhenaidah
Occupation: Baul saint
Spouse (s): Bishokha
Zodiac sign: Aries
Died: October 17, 1890
Buried: Cheuriya, Kushtia, Bangladesh
Lalon Shah was famous Baul saint, singer, songwriter and thinker who possessing a versatile talented. He was singer, composer and lyricist of numerous famous songs. Lalon is regarded as one of the pioneers of Baul song as well as he was a social reformer, humanist and philosopher. He was away from religion, cast and racial discrimination and positioned the humanity in the highest position. Lalon was humanist, wrote song being encouraged from this perception of secularism. His songs largely influenced to the world poet Rabindranath Tagore and Kazi Nazrul Islam.
Lalon Shah Early Life:
Fakir Lalon Shah was born in 1774 at Horishpur, Horinakundo, Jhenaidah. No details are found about the life Lalon even he did not say anything about himself through writings but addressed himself as Lalon Fakir amid his some songs. It is a matter of debate, where Lalon was born? Some researcher thinks that he was born in Kustia but others believe in that was born in Jessore. Once Lalon was going out to pilgrimage at a young age but he contracted smallpox on the way and his companions had to abandon being thought him dead and goes one’s destination. Then Malam Shah and his wife Matijan rescued dying Lalon from the banks of the Ganges. Lalon lost one eye for the smallpox disease. Lalon came to the touch with philosopher and singer Siraj Shah at Cheuriya, Kushtia and impressed very much by him.
Baul is special folklore and creed in the Bangladesh. Although the idea of Baul Song was instinctive in the seventeen century but the Baul Song gained popularity in the nineteen century for the song of Lalon. Baul singers embrace the unvarnished lifestyle and this song involved with the philosophy of people. In 2005, UNESCO declared to Baul Song as on the best resources among the oral and visual traditions in the world. A film is made based on the Lalon’s philosophy and biography named Moner Manush in 2010.